# backwards

## Definitions

• He Went over Backwards 121
• WordNet 3.6
• adv backwards at or to or toward the back or rear "he moved back","tripped when he stepped backward","she looked rearward out the window of the car"
• adv backwards in a manner or order or direction the reverse of normal "it's easy to get the i' and the e' backward in words like seize' and siege'","the child put her jersey on backward"
• ***

So Straight he Leaned Backward 211
A woman and her backwards umbrella form a letter K

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary
• Interesting fact: Emus cannot walk backwards
• Backwards By way of reflection; reflexively.
• Backwards From a better to a worse state, as from honor to shame, from religion to sin. "The work went backward ."
• Backwards In a contrary or reverse manner, way, or direction; contrarily; as, to read backwards . "We might have . . . beat them backward home."
• Backwards On the back, or with the back downward. "Thou wilt fall backward ."
• Backwards Toward the back; toward the rear; as, to throw the arms backward .
• Backwards Toward, or in, past time or events; ago. "Some reigns backward ."
• Backwards With the back in advance or foremost; as, to ride backward .
• ***
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
• Interesting fact: An earthquake on Dec. 16, 1811 caused parts of the Mississippi River to flow backwards
• backwards See backward.
• ***

## Quotations

• Marshall Mcluhan
“Diaper backward spells repaid. Think about it.”
• Thomas H. Huxley
“The medieval university looked backwards; it professed to be a storehouse of old knowledge. The modern university looks forward, and is a factory of new knowledge.”
• Abraham Lincoln
“I am a slow walker, but I never walk backwards.”
• James Thurber
“You might as well fall flat on your face as lean over too far backward.”
• Abraham Lincoln
“I walk slowly, but I never walk backward.”
• Geoffrey Hickson
“If you forget you have to struggle for improvement you go backward.”

## Idioms

Bend over backwards - If someone bends over backwards, they do everything they can to help someone.
***

## Etymology

Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary

## Usage

### In literature:

Castro writhed his whole body, and I stepped backwards.
"Romance" by Joseph Conrad and F.M. Hueffer
Gently she withdrew her fingers from his grasp and rode further apart, yet not without one backward glance of perfectest witchery.
"The Black Douglas" by S. R. Crockett
She, with slim neck backward flung, In turn caressed them both, and shaped them with her tongue.
"The Aeneid of Virgil" by Virgil
It tried to wriggle backwards but I had it under its jaws.
"The Best Short Stories of 1921 and the Yearbook of the American Short Story" by Various
It would be a backward movement.
"Twentieth Century Negro Literature" by Various
Go upstairs backward, into a chamber backward, and into bed backward.
"Current Superstitions" by Various
When in this position, the swimmers begin to turn backward, using the arms the same is in the backward (single) somersault.
"Swimming Scientifically Taught" by Frank Eugen Dalton and Louis C. Dalton
He went backward, but skillfully kept his feet under him, gripped me again and shoved me.
"Brigands of the Moon" by Ray Cummings
The one idea-chin in, down and backward-will accomplish all that is needed.
The gun was torn to pieces and Badger was hurled backward to the ground.
"Frank Merriwell's Reward" by Burt L. Standish
I heaved, bent it backward, backward till it screamed, a high wail.
"The Door Through Space" by Marion Zimmer Bradley
He had seen his brother hurled backwards, and he saw that Dick made no move to arise.
"The Rover Boys in the Air" by Edward Stratemeyer
Across the deck, where a search-light played, huge arms were lashing backward toward the sea.
"Astounding Stories of Super-Science, June, 1930" by Various
But the black one paused, then stepped backward to the casket where he had been.
"Astounding Stories, March, 1931" by Various
The heart is a five, the dot a zero, and backward sevens with one squiggle are twos.
"The Egyptian Cat Mystery" by Harold Leland Goodwin
Prolonging the backward effort, he reviewed the history of the Wave.
"The Wave" by Algernon Blackwood
Then rib again backwards and forwards until you come to the row before the holes, which is again to be plain knitting.
"The Ladies' Knitting and Netting Book" by Miss Watts
Their balloons were anchored by strong cords to grass stalks, and hung in the air swaying backward and forward ready for the embarkation.
"Old Farm Fairies:" by Henry Christopher McCook
Here, if the corn were backward, then the harvest must be backward.
"Rural Rides" by William Cobbett
I am going to read some numbers again but this time I want you to say them backwards.
"Condensed Guide for the Stanford Revision of the Binet-Simon Intelligence Tests" by Lewis Madison Terman
***

### In poetry:

But does it ever look backward
In this march of the mighty mind,
To see the wreck of its playthings
It has left so far behind?
"What Of The Dim Old Legends?" by Alexander Anderson
I'm walking backwards for Christmas,
Across the Irish Sea.
I'm walking backwards for Christmas,
It's the finest thing for me.
"I'm Walking Backwards For Christmas" by Spike Milligan
When looking backward here we see
A narrow strip of dusty road,
Now dim within the past, that we
From boyhood up to manhood trod.
"The Portrait" by Alexander Anderson
Unchecked the winter blast;
The school-girl learns the place to shun,
With glances backward cast.
"The Old Burying-Ground" by John Greenleaf Whittier
But his eyes are looking backward,
In pauses of mortal strife,
And he sees the quiet village,
Where he preached the word of life.
"A Legend Of Buckingham Village" by Nora Pembroke
SHE did not go, as others do,
With backward look and beckoning;
With no farewell for anything
She passed the open doorway through.
"For One Who Went In Spring" by Isabel Ecclestone Mackay

### In news:

It's Friday the 13th (dun dun DUN) and also the eve of Valentine's Day, which we here at Brick Watch think seems a little backwards.
DANCE Looking back over a year's dance performances feels like reading a horoscope backward.
The US Department of Veterans Affairs, confronting an unprecedented backlog in veterans' disability claims, is moving backwards.
So let's work backward and see if we can discover exactly how last night's game worked, teleologically speaking.
A Grambling drum major bends over backward to please fans during the halftime show of a NCAA football game between Grambling and Prairie View A&M on Saturday, October 6, 2012 at the Cotton Bowl in Dallas.
DeSean Jackson stopped, turned, extended his arms, and fell backward into Eagles-Cowboys lore forever.
When the dinosaurs died out some 65 million years ago, many perished in the exact same iconic pose: neck, spine, and tail curved backward, mouth open, limbs contracted.
Shocking video shows Aisikaier trying to walk backwards across a ravine, blindfolded, before losing his balance.
Their plan for moving forward involved moving backward repeatedly during the 2012 NFL draft.
I generally run backwards for 30 to 60 seconds after most of my normal daily runs.
How to Get Ahead in TV-land: Run Backwards (How Else?
Within a year of graduating from Coldwater High School in 1942, Leonard "Slim" Belsher took the gunner's seat facing backwards on a Navy torpedo bomber and began the first of 35 missions over the Pacific during World War II.
Forward or backward, which will it be for Minnesota.
But any doubts I had about his yogic prowess were put to rest when he described the first time he stared at his heels the wrong way—bending backward at the waist.
Michigan has its education funding system backwards .
***

### In science:

Corrigendum to: “Stability in D of martingales and backward equations under discretization of ﬁltration”.
Stability of solutions of BSDEs with random terminal time
Numerical method for backward stochastic differential equations.
Stability of solutions of BSDEs with random terminal time
The forward light cone of a point (x, t) is the set of points {(x′, t′ )| |x − x′ | ≤ t′ − t}, and the backward light cone of (x, t) is {(x′, t′ )| |x − x′ | ≤ t − t′}.
One-dimensional stochastic growth and Gaussian ensembles of random matrices
With light cone we denote the union of the forward and the backward cone. A path is called time-like if it is included in the light cone of each of its points. A path is called space-like if the light cone attached to each of its points does not contain any other point of the path.
One-dimensional stochastic growth and Gaussian ensembles of random matrices
Backward steps are not allowed for directed polymers. (1) Lattice oriented by 45 degrees.
Directed polymers and Randomness
Adapting to this new version of Deeplib will involve some changes to the database and auxiliary ﬁle structure as well as changes to De epIDL to ensure backward compatibility with the current IDL framework.
Rates and Progenitors of Type Ia Supernovae
In order to investigate this issue, measurements of π0 electroproduction in forward and backward direction have been performed, which are reported in this paper.
Measurement of the LT-asymmetry in \pi^0 electroproduction at the energy of the \Delta (1232) resonance
This has been argued before from measurements in backward kinematics where an S0+ contribution can not be excluded.
Measurement of the LT-asymmetry in \pi^0 electroproduction at the energy of the \Delta (1232) resonance
An independent solution of the recursion relation can be obtained by imposing the condition yN +1 = 0, yN = 1 at an arbitrary value of N and perform a backward iteration of (11).
Random discrete Schr\"odinger operators from Random Matrix Theory
N := e2, W := −e1, For the latter, we use the terms Right, Forward, Left, and Backward.
Recurrence for persistent random walks in two dimensions
The examples presented above are not exceptional, and what can be done with an inhomogeneous Forward probability can be done with an inhomogeneous Backward probability as well.
Recurrence for persistent random walks in two dimensions
It is trivial, at this point, to construct an environment with inhomogeneous, statistically balanced, Backward probabilities, for which the conclusions of Proposition 4.2 hold.
Recurrence for persistent random walks in two dimensions
In the last two, we just go backward then it is clear that we go back to the starting point.
Ramdom walks on hypergroup of circles in finite fields
We start construction of this tetrad at the point of observation and prolongate it backward (β ) and (lα, nα, mα, mα ) are parallel transported along along the light-ray geodesic.
General Relativistic Theory of Light Propagation in the Field of Radiative Gravitational Multipoles
Solution of the light-ray equation with the initial-boundary conditions (4.17) depends on the unit vector k deﬁning direction of the light-ray propagation extrapolated backward in time to the past null inﬁnity.
General Relativistic Theory of Light Propagation in the Field of Radiative Gravitational Multipoles
***

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